Aboriginal People and their Plants

Aboriginal knowledge: plants and animals
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Knowledge of some of that use has been retained in the excellent book Ngunnawal plant use , compiled by Ngunnawal elders and published by the ACT Government in Indigenous rangers too keep the knowledge alive and lead walks for visitors. So although the way of life changed hugely for Aboriginal people following contact, many elements of this key aspect of culture have been retained and increasingly are being shared.

Traditional Aboriginal burning

Collecting food plants was the work of women and children. Tubers, an important food source, included yam daisies Microseris lanceolata , known as dharaban in Ngunnawal, mewan in Ngarigo, or murnong. They were cooked for eating, as were tubers of the bulbine lily Bulbine bulbosa , found in grassy woodlands over an extensive elevational range along our route.

Cherry ballart or native cherry Exocarpos cupressiformis — mummadya in Ngunnawal — yielded food and timber for implements. The food was the small red fruit stalks pedicels which appear in summer.

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The tough native cherry timber was used for spear throwers and also by some nations for a cultural device, the bullroarer. Bullroarers were whirled around the head to make a vibrato sound during initiation and burial ceremonies, the sound representing that of a Dreaming ancestor. Grass trees Xanthorrhoea australis had multiple purposes and are found in dry sclerophyll forest forest dominated by eucalypts and wattles , as at Tidbinbilla.

Flower stems were also used to make a base for a drill for fire-making, and the resin produced by the species was utilised as a glue in weapon production. Reeds and rushes may be found along the Murrumbidgee, in Namadgi and Kosciuszko.

Indigenous women sought them to weave baskets which were used to carry plant foods. Grasses and fibrous bark were used to make string for nets, bags and mats. Numbers of plants had medicinal uses.

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Native geranium Geranium solanderi leaves gave relief from burns and blisters, false sarsaparilla Hardenbergia violacea leaves made a mouthwash helpful with ulcers and chest infections, and blackwood Acacia melanoxylon , or nummerak in Ngunnawal, had bark which when heated and infused in water was used for rheumatism. Other plants were used as a flavour enhancer, like the well named mountain pepper Tasmannia lanceolata. Cauliflower bush Cassinia longifolia was burned to cleanse places or spirits during ceremony.

Aboriginal people and Australia's vegetation: past and current interactions

The major land management tool used by Aboriginal people was fire, and it was used to control plants in various ways. The bush was burnt in a mosaic of cool burns to promote grass and attract game for hunting, to flush out prey animals, to stimulate growth of certain plant foods eg tubers and grass seeds , to maintain access and control fuel, to define territory, and for ceremony.

Just as the relationship between Indigenous Australians and plants was intimate, so was the way they used fire in that relationship. Understanding of Aboriginal use of fire continues to grow, as does Aboriginal use of plants, with writers suggesting Aborigines were not simply gatherers but actively practised agriculture by sowing, harvesting and storing plant foods.

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Biodiversity in urban areas is dependent on greening initiatives. The hive of activity in insect populations on the site of The Living Pavilion, which have been tracked as part of our broad research on site, are already showing a marked acceleration in plant and insect interactions. Indigenous plants are sustainable, climate tolerant, require little water and are a favoured habitat and source of food for many native animals which are still very much a part of biodiversity within all urban areas, even cities.

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Evid-based Compl Alt Med. So although the way of life changed hugely for Aboriginal people following contact, many elements of this key aspect of culture have been retained and increasingly are being shared. Canada's National Forest Sector Strategy , reviewed and revised in , , and included provisions for ensuring rights and participation of Aboriginal people and incorporating traditional knowledge, cultural values and practices in managing forest lands [ 22 , , ]. Many of the plants used traditionally by Aboriginal people in Australia have not been studied phytochemically, thus this is an unknown area. It was a utilitarian one. Master thesis.

To come to know some of the hidden stories of this place. The stories help us to see that all land in Australia is Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander land, whether urban or remote, and that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and people are strong, diverse, dynamic, intrinsically connected to and embedded in place, and living in all places in Australia.

References

The arts have been used as a communicator for change over the last few years. The Living Stage concept, of which the pavilion is an example, has progressively become more engaged in place-making tactics through the participation of local communities in creative processes, and the desire to enhance the connectivity and integration of more-than-human places in response to climate change, social inequity, food scarcity and biodiversity loss.

achguitale.tk As each living stage evolves out of a direct response to the localities of site, ecology and community, no project is ever the same. This careful attention to detail allows us to value the subtleties and uniqueness of place and to celebrate in its authenticity.

Aboriginal people and their plants / Philip A. Clarke. - Version details - Trove

This is what First Nations-led projects do, they allow us to open up new approaches and aesthetics that powerfully and undeniably assert and celebrate the presence of Aboriginal place to create thriving cities of the future. The Wave Hill walk-off changed the course of Australian history, yet the event suffers from a lack of recognition.

Now, architects have become its unlikely champion. The Indigenous design perspective has been ignored, replaced or forgotten for too long, says architect Jefa Greenaway - but things are changing. Aboriginal people and Australia's vegetation: past and current interactions.

Indigofera australis (Austral Indigo)

Buy Aboriginal People and Their Plants on owimejokev.ga ✓ FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. This book provides an overview of indigenous relationships to plants in Aboriginal Australia. The book spans the gap between botany and indigenous studies.

Keith Ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Australian vegetation. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,