Finally but perhaps just as important, is a need to focus on the measurement of clinical changes to symptoms alongside statistical changes to psychometric or other assessment tools in view of the restrictiveness of the dietary regime. This point in particular reflects the fact that not everyone who might potentially benefit from dietary intervention will necessarily be able to implement such a restrictive regime, or indeed, want to.
Further discussions on whether such dietary intervention should form part of best practice guidelines for ASCs and onward representative of an autism dietary-sensitive enteropathy is warranted. Karl Ludwig Reichelt is an unpaid consultant to Biomedical Laboratory in Norway providing mass spectrometric and other analytical services to various healthcare industries. Ann-Mari Knivsberg and Anders Seim declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. The authors wish to acknowledge the contribution of Ursula Philpot, Chair of the British Dietetic Association Mental Health Group for reviewing draft versions of this manuscript.
The Foundation played no role in the content, formulation or conclusions reached of the manuscript. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Front Hum Neurosci v. Front Hum Neurosci. Published online Jan 4. Prepublished online Nov Karl L. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Nov 12; Accepted Dec This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Dietary intervention as a tool for maintaining and improving physical health and wellbeing is a widely researched and discussed topic. Keywords: autism, brain, gastrointestinal, gluten, casein, diet, intervention, intestinal permeability. Introduction Pervasive developmental disorders are a complex, lifelong, heterogeneous group of conditions that variably affect the way a person communicates and interacts with people and the environment around them.
Dietary studies: what is the evidence for effect? What kind of effects are observed? Taking the various studies of diet into account, reported positive effects can be broadly categorized into several areas to include core autism and peripheral symptoms: — Communication and use of language Knivsberg et al. Potential modes of action At the current time, no universal theory has been accepted to account for the effect or non-effect of GFCF dietary intervention on behaviour and development in ASCs.
Conflict of interest statement Kevin Carr, Malcolm Hooper, and Paul Whiteley are directors of ESPA Research, a UK subsidiary organization which carries out research into ASCs including investigations on the use of a gluten- and casein-free diet as an intervention for autism and related conditions.
Acknowledgments The authors wish to acknowledge the contribution of Ursula Philpot, Chair of the British Dietetic Association Mental Health Group for reviewing draft versions of this manuscript.
Does someone who is perfectly happy with her own company and with being alone have a problem at all? When the pasta is tender drain then return it to the pan, cover and keep warm. Please see below a list of the titles we hold. I think this is important for people with AS. During adolescence a metamorphous occurs as dependent children become independent adults.
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